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What is the Internet of Things?

What is the Internet of Things?

The Internet of Things is the network of physical objects or “things” embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity to enable objects to exchange data with the manufacturer, operator, and/or other connected devices.

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to devices that are often constrained in communication and computation capabilities, now becoming more commonly connected to the Internet or at least to an IP network, and to various services that are built on top of the capabilities these devices jointly provide. It is expected that this development will usher in more machine-to-machine communication using the Internet with no human user actively involved.

IoT is a very rapidly growing area of technology and connects with a number of other emerging technologies.

IoT will enable life-enhancing services

As the Internet of Things evolves, the proliferation of smart connected devices supported by mobile networks, providing pervasive and seamless connectivity, will unlock opportunities to provide life-enhancing services for consumers while boosting productivity for enterprises. As can be seen in Figure 5 below, thirteen industry sectors are likely to show significant adoption of IoT services.

For consumers, the connectivity provided by the IoT could enhance their quality of life in multiple ways, such as, but not limited to, energy efficiency and security at home and in the city. In the home, the integration of connected smart devices and cloud-based services will help address the pressing issue of energy efficiency and security. Connected smart devices will enable a reduction in utility bills and outages, while also improving home security via remote monitoring.

Example of IoT Applications in our day to day life:

IoT smart cities applications: 

In cities, the development of smart grids, data analytics, and autonomous vehicles will provide an intelligent platform to deliver innovations in energy management, traffic management, and security, sharing the benefits of this technology throughout society.

Internet of smart cities:

  • Safety: Digital video monitoring, fire control management, public announcement systems, Transportation: Smart Roads and Intelligent Highways with warning messages and diversions according to climate conditions and unexpected events like accidents or traffic jams.
  • Smart Parking: Real-time monitoring of parking spaces available in the city making residents able to identify and reserve the closest available spaces.
  • Waste Management: Detection of rubbish levels in containers to optimize the trash collection routes. Garbage cans and recycle bins with RFID tags allow the sanitation staff to see when garbage has been put out.


Internet of Smart Agriculture:

  • Green Houses: Control micro-climate conditions to maximize the production of fruits and vegetables and its quality,
  • Compost: Control of humidity and temperature levels in alfalfa, hay, straw, etc. to prevent fungus and other microbial.
  • Field Monitoring: Reducing spoilage and crop waste with better monitoring, accurate ongoing data obtaining, and management of the agriculture fields, including better control of fertilizing, electricity, and watering.


Internet of Smart Health:

  • Patients  Surveillance: Monitoring of conditions of patients inside hospitals and in old people’s homes.
  • Medical Fridges: Control of conditions inside freezers storing vaccines, medicines, and organic elements.
  • Fall Detection: Assistance for elderly or disabled people living independently.
  • Activity Monitoring: Wireless sensors placed across the mattress sensing small motions, like breathing and heart rate, and large motions caused by tossing and turning during sleep, providing
  • Data available through an app on the Smartphone.


Internet of smart living:

  • Switching on and off remotely appliances to avoid accidents and save energy.
  • Weather: Displays outdoor weather conditions such as humidity, temperature, pressure, wind speed, and rain levels with the ability to transmit data over long distances.
  • Smart Home Appliances: Refrigerators with LCD screen telling what’s inside, food that’s about to expire, ingredients you need to buy, and with all the information available on a smartphone app.
  • Washing machines allowing you to monitor the laundry remotely.
  • Safety Monitoring: cameras, and home alarm systems making people feel safe in their daily life at home.